The specific study of the art of the American South is a relatively new field. The following resources, both print and electronic, offer overviews and insights into Southern art, as well as more comprehensive commentary on American art history.



Getty Research Institute
The Getty Research Institute is dedicated to furthering knowledge and advancing understanding of the visual arts. Its research library with special collections of rare materials and digital resources serves an international community of scholars and the interested public.

Google Art Project
A collaboration between Google and 151 acclaimed art institutions from across 40 countries, this website allows users to explore a wide range of artworks at brushstroke level detail, take a virtual tour of a museum, and even build their own collections to share.

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Targeted at students and scholars of art history, the Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History offers a chronological, geographical, and thematic exploration of global art history using examples from the Metropolitan Museum’s collection. Authored by the Met’s experts, the resources includes 930 essays, close to 7,000 objects, and a robust index, and is regularly updated and enriched to provide new scholarship and insights on the collection.

National Museum of Women in the Arts
The Archives of Women Artists at the National Museum of Women in the Arts serves as a locus of primary-source research for curators, scholars, and students performing research on women’s contributions to the arts.

SIRIS: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System
The Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) is an interactive, integrated system applying established national standards to manage, describe, and provide access to research resources held primarily by the Institution's libraries, archives, and research units in support of the Institution's mission. SIRIS supports the Smithsonian research community by providing a gateway to and from other Institution information resources and to external information resources.

Terra Foundation Center for Digital Collections (Smithsonian Archives of American Art)
A virtual repository of a substantial cross-section of the Archives of American Art’s most significant collections. Since 2005, over one hundred archival collections, featuring many major American artists, have been scanned and posted online in their entirety. In addition, more than 12,000 documents have been individually catalogued and are accessible through the image gallery.



Amaki, Amalia K., ed. A Century of African American Art: The Paul R. Jones Collection. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004.

Ayres, William, ed. Picturing History: American Painting 1770-1930. New York: Rizzoli/Fraunces Tavern Museum, 1993.

Barnwell, Andrea D. The Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000.

Bearden, Romare, and Harry Henderon. A History of African-American Artists: From 1792 to the Present. New York: Pantheon, 1993.

Bilodeau, Francis W. Art in South Carolina, 1670-1970. Columbia: South Carolina Tricentennial Commission, 1970.

Brady, Patricia. Complementary Visions of Louisiana Art: The Laura Simon Nelson Collection at the Historic New Orleans Collection. New Orleans: Historic New Orleans Collection, 1996.

Caldwell, Benjamin Hubbard, et al. Art of Tennessee. Nashville, TN: Frist Center for the Visual Arts, 2003.

Chambers, Bruce. Art and Artists of the South: The Robert P. Coggins Collection. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1984.

Clement, Clara Erskine, and Laurence Hutton. Artists of the Nineteenth Century and Their Works. Boston: Houghton, Osgood and Company, 1879.

Cline, Dr. Isaac Monroe. “Art and Artists in New Orleans Since Colonial Times.” In Louisiana State Museum Biennial Report of the Board of Curators for 1920-1921. New Orleans: Louisiana State Museum, 1922.

Collins, James L. Women Artists in America: Eighteenth Century to the Present. New York: J. L. Collins, 1973.

Cosentino, Andrew J., and Henry Glassie. The Capital Image: Painters in Washington, 1800-1915. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1983.

Craven, Wayne. American Art: History and Culture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1994.

Delehanty. Randolph. Art in the American South: Works from the Ogden Collection. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.

Driskell, David C. Two Centuries of Black American Art. New York: Random House, 1976.

Dunlap, William. A History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States. New York: George P. Scott and Company, Printers, 1834. Reprint edited by Rita Weiss. New York: Dover Publications, 1969.

Eaton, Clement Eaton. The Mind of the Old South. Rev. ed. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.

Eldredge, Charles C., Mark M. Johnson, and Margaret Lynne Ausfield. American Paintings: From the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts. Montgomery, AL: Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, 2006.

Farrington, Lisa E. Creating Their Own Image: The History of African-American Women Artists. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Fielding, Mantle. Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors and Engravers. Edited by Glenn B. Optiz. New York: Apollo Books, 1988.

Foushee, Ola Maie. Art in North Carolina: Episodes and Developments, 1585-1970. Chapel Hill, NC: Heritage Printers, 1972.

Gerdts, William H., and Russell Burke. American Still-Life Painting. New York: Praeger, 1971.

Gerdts, William H. Art Across America: Two Centuries of Regional Painting, 1710-1920, volumes I – III. New York: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Gerdts, William H. Painters of the Humble Truth: Masterworks of American Still-Life Painting. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1981.

Harris, Michael D. Colored Pictures: Race and Visual Representation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Heller, Jules, and Nancy G. Heller. North American Women Artists for the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Taylor & Francis, 1995.

Heller, Nancy G. Women Artists: Works from the National Museum of Women in the Arts. New York: Rizzoli; 2000.

Henning, William T., Jr. A Catalogue of the American Collection: Hunter Museum of Art.
Chattanooga, TN: Hunter Museum of Art, 1985.

Holladay, Wilhelmina Cole. A Museum of Their Own: National Museum of Women in the Arts. New York: Abbeville Press, 2008.

Honour, Hugh. The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume IV: From the American Revolution to World War I. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Inmann, Christiane. Forbidden Fruit: The History of Women and Books in Art. New York: Prestel USA, 2009.

Johns, Elizabeth. American Genre Painting: The Politics of Everyday Life. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991.

Johnson, John Lipscomb. The University Memorial: Biographical Sketches of Alumni of the University of Virginia Who Fell in the Confederate War. Baltimore: Turnbull Brothers, 1871.

Kelley, Robin D. G. African-American Art: Twentieth Century Masterworks, volumes I – X. New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 1993.

Kelly, James C. The South on Paper: Line, Color and Light. Spartanburg, SC: Robert M. Hicklin Jr., Inc., 1985.

King, Pamela D., and Harry H. Delorme. Looking Back: Art in Savannah 1900-1960. Savannah, GA: Telfair Academy of Arts & Science, 1996.

Kuspit, Donald B., et al. Painting in the South: 1564-1980. Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, 1983.

Larkin, Oliver W. Art and Life in America. Rev. ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.

Lewis, Michael J. American Art and Architecture. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2006.

Lewis, Samella. African American Art and Artists. Berkley: University of California Press, 2003.

Libby, Gary R. Celebrating Florida: Works from the Vickers Collection. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1996.

Mack, Angela, ed. Landscape of Slavery: The Plantation in American Art. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2008.

Mahé, John A., II, and Rosanne McCaffrey, eds. Encyclopedia of New Orleans Artists, 1718-1918. New Orleans: Historic New Orleans Collection, 1987.

McCue, Michael J. Tryon Artists: 1892-1942. Columbus, NC: Condar Press, 2001.

McElroy, Guy C. Facing History: The Black Image in American Art, 1710-1940. Washington, DC: Bedford Arts, Publishers, in association with the Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1990.

Minks, Louise. The Hudson River School: The Landscape Art of Bierstadt, Cole, Church, Durand, Heade and Twenty Other Artists. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1999.

Morris, Jack A. Jr. Contemporary Artists of South Carolina. Greenville, SC: Greenville County Museum of Art, 1970.

Pennington, Estill Curtis, and Martha R. Severens. Scenic Impressions: Southern Interpretations from the Johnson Collection. Spartanburg, SC: The Johnson Collection in association with the University of South Carolina Press, 2015.

Pennington, Estill Curtis. Downriver: Currents of Style in Louisiana Painting, 1800-1950. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Company, 1991.

—. Gracious Plenty: American Still-Life Art from Southern Collections. Augusta, GA: Morris Museum of Art, 1996.

—. Kentucky: The Master Painters from the Frontier Era to the Great Depression. Paris, KY: Cane Ridge Publishing House, 2008.

—. Look Away: Reality and Sentiment in Southern Art. Spartanburg, SC: Saraland Press, 1989.

—. Romantic Spirits: Nineteenth Century Paintings of the South from the Johnson Collection. Spartanburg, SC: The Johnson Collection, 2012.

—. A Southern Collection. Augusta, GA: Morris Museum of Art, 1992.

—. Subdued Hues: Mood and Scene in Southern Landscape Painting, 1865-1925. Augusta, GA: Morris Museum of Art, 1999.

Phagan, Patricia. The American Scene and the South: Paintings and Works on Paper, 1930-1946. Athens: University of Georgia/Georgia Museum of Art, 1996.

Pleasants, J. Hall. 250 Years of Painting in Maryland. Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, 1945.

Poesch, Jessie. The Art of the Old South: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture and the Products of Craftsmen, 1560-1860. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983.

Pohl, Frances K. Framing America: A Social History of American Art. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.
Porter, James A. Modern Negro Art. Washington, D.C: Howard University Press, 1992.

Powell, Richard J. Black Art: A Cultural History, second edition. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2003.

Powell, Richard J. To Conserve a Legacy: American Art from Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.

Rutledge, Anna Wells. Artists in the Life of Charleston: Through Colony and State, From Restoration to Reconstruction. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1980.

Scheller, William. America: A History in Art: The American Journey Told by Painters, Sculptors, Photographers, and Architects. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2008.

Severens, Martha R. Greenville County Museum of Art: The Southern Collection. New York: Hudson Hills Press, Inc., 1995.

—. The Charleston Renaissance. Spartanburg, SC: Saraland Press, 1998.

—. From New York to Nebo: The Artistic Journey of Eugene Thomason. Spartanburg, SC: The Johnson Collection in association with the University of South Carolina Press.

Tuckerman, Henry T. Book of the Artists: American Artist Life. New York: G. P. Putnam and Son, 1867.

Vlach, John Michael. The Planter’s Prospect: Privilege and Slavery in Plantation Paintings. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Walker, Celia, ed. Cheekwood Museum of Art: Permanent Collection. Nashville, TN: Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art, 2001.

Wiesendanger, Martin, and Margaret Wiesendanger. Nineteenth Century Louisiana Painters and Paintings from the Collection of W. E. Groves. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Company, 1971.

Wilmerding, John, et al. American Light: The Luminist Movement, 1850-1875: Paintings, Drawings, Photographs. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1980.

Wright, R. Lewis. Artists in Virginia Before 1900: An Annotated Checklist. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983.

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